In Memory of Ludwig Frank, rejected second version, 1914

Crayon lithograph (transfer of an unknown drawing on ribbed laid paper), Kn 131

Käthe Kollwitz, In Memory of Ludwig Frank, rejected second version, 1914, crayon lithograph (transfer of an unknown drawing on ribbed laid paper), Kn 131, Cologne Kollwitz Collection © Käthe Kollwitz Museum Köln

Ludwig Frank, a lawyer and social democrat, who had volunteered at the beginning of the First World War, fell shortly afterwards on 3 September 1914. On the eve of the war, he had still lobbied for a parliamentary rapprochement between France and Germany, but eventually followed his ›national duty‹.

That same month, Käthe Kollwitz was commissioned to create a drawing on Frank’s death for the Kriegszeit journal. In her designs, she had recourse to a compositional formula based on the pictorial tradition of the ›Lamentation of Christ‹. After making a few preparatory drawings and two rejected lithographs, however, she abandoned work on the unfinished project.

A few years later, her compositional ideas for this project were used for her work on a commemorative sheet for Karl Liebknecht.

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